On Windows 2003 Server local development machine, we just updates windows with most recent updates available dated June, 2010 and it broke the entire the SharePoint including Central Administration. Looking at the even log, it appears that the updates change the data base schema version on SQL server but the versions of the content database were unchanged. Refer to the following image for error information.
If this occurs, run the SharePoint Products and Technolgies Configuration Wizard from Administrative Tools. This correct fixes all the version incompatibilities.